New Business Checklist Please Note: This Checklist contains information and content supplied by third parties. Their inclusion does not constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the NC Department of the Secretary of State. It is your responsibility to verify and investigate providers and services.
Step through this checklist, which includes some of the key ingredients to help you succeed — including links to many free resources.
A downloadable PDF version of this checklist can be found here.
- Beneficial Ownership Reporting Requirements
The Corporate Transparency Act (“CTA”) includes significant reforms to anti-money laundering laws and is intended to help prevent and combat money laundering, terrorist financing, corruption, and tax fraud. The CTA establishes a beneficial ownership reporting requirement for corporations, limited
liability companies, and other similar entities formed or registered to do business in the United States. Beneficial ownership reports must be filed with the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN), a bureau within the U.S. Department of Treasury. The CTA applies to most businesses registered with our office.
The North Carolina Secretary of State does not administer and has no responsibility for enforcing the CTA or the beneficial ownership information reporting program. As it is important for our office to assist businesses in our state, we want to inform you of this new reporting requirement as failure to comply may result in significant civil and criminal penalties. We encourage you to review the information found here: https://www.fincen.gov/boi or Beneficial Ownership Reporting
- Rural RISE NC
Our Rural RISE NC initiative connects you with mentors, business counselors, funding sources, and more within your community and beyond. And even better, many of these resources are free.
For further information, please visit our website at www.sosnc.gov/RISE.
- What’s your business plan? Product or service?
- Did you know you’ll need a plan to borrow money?
- Food for thought: guides and examples to get you thinking
- People who can help you develop a plan — at no cost
- Have you done any market research?
- Who’s your customer? (target market)
- What’s the market opportunity?
- What are your industry’s trends?
- Who’s your competition?
- Who’s your supply chain?
- How should you price your product or service?
Get free help with research - Marketing & Research Services - NC Small Business & Technology Development Center
NC LIVE is another free resource available through the North Carolina library system, with access to tools and databases that can help start-ups and existing small businesses conduct research on their industry and competitors and identify potential customers.
- Do you need to build any skills?
- Financial (bookkeeping, taxes)
- General business/management/human resources
- Technology (including cybersecurity)
- Marketing (website, social media, other)
- Grant writing
Events/Workshops - NC Small Business Center Network
Online Training - NC Small Business & Technology Development Center
Cyber Readiness Institute: Free Cybersecurity Training for Businesses
Free Business Lessons–Harvard Business School
- Will you need a license to operate a business?
- All licenses required by state law in North Carolina
- Have you created business assets that need to be protected?
Is there any intellectual property involved—patents, copyright, trade secrets, trademarks, and/or service marks?
North Carolina Secretary of State Frequently Asked Questions
North Carolina Secretary of State Trademarks
- Do you need help finding an attorney for legal assistance?
Many of the resources below offer pro bono (free) professional legal services to those who are otherwise unable to
Legal clinics are offered through North Carolina law schools. They are directed by faculty members and staffed by law students. Clinics operate on a semester basis; services are not typically provided during the summer months. And due to limited resources, you will need to apply before each semester and be accepted to become a clinic’s client.
Campbell University School of Law — Innovate Capital Business Law Clinic
The Innovate Capital Business Law Clinic – in partnership with incubator Raleigh Founded – works with clients across the area’s entrepreneurial eco system to help them solve real-world business and legal problems.
Duke University School of Law - Start-Up Ventures Clinic
The Clinic provides legal advice and assistance to entrepreneurs who have not yet raised significant amounts of outside funding. Law students can assist in a wide variety of legal matters including company formation, intellectual property protection, commercialization strategies, and operational issues. Law student assignments are made prior to the start of each semester in January and August.
Elon University - Small Business & Entrepreneurship Clinic
The Small Business & Entrepreneurship Clinic is a law office which provides business-related legal services to entrepreneurs and small business owners who are not presently able to afford legal representation.
UNC School of Law - Start-Up NC Clinic
Students in the Startup NC Law Clinic represent startups, entrepreneurs, and small businesses from across the entire spectrum of North Carolina’s entrepreneurial ecosystem, ranging from hi-tech to textiles, from microbreweries to the arts.
Wake Forest School of Law - Community Law & Business Clinic (CLBC)
Startups and small businesses face a range of legal issues. From protecting your ideas from infringement, to the feasibility of your business model, choice of entity and even employment-related matters, navigating the legal issues of a small business or startup can be daunting. CLBC has a wide range of services available to entrepreneurs and small business owners.
Specialized Legal Clinics
Intellectual Property Clinic (IP Clinic) - NC Central University School of Law
The IP Clinic provides patent and trademark prosecution services to local entrepreneurs. The IP Clinic’s Patent Division provides solo inventors, businesses, and non-profits assistance in registering a patent before the U.S. Patent & Trademark Office. The Trademark Division provides legal assistance and representation to entrepreneurs, small businesses, and non-profits in registering a trademark before the U.S. Patent & Trademark Office.
Entrepreneurs Assistance Program
(a project of the NC Bar Association) coordinates attorney volunteers to provide pro bono business law advice and counsel to small business owners through webinars and clinics held in partnership with non-profit organizations throughout the state. Program volunteer attorneys currently are providing assistance to entrepreneurs and small business owners through:
- Webinars that feature a presentation by a lawyer on a legal topic of current interest and relevance to entrepreneurs and small business owners, with the opportunity for participants to ask general questions of the presenters.
- Virtual “ask-a-lawyer” sessions pair individual entrepreneurs and small business owners with business lawyers for 45-minute advising sessions to address legal questions and concerns and provide legal information and resources.
NC Free Legal Answers
A virtual legal advice clinic in which qualifying users post civil legal questions to be answered by pro bono attorneys licensed in their state.
NC Bar Lawyer Referral Service
To reach the Lawyer Referral Service by phone, please call 919.677.8574. If you use the LRS, it will cost you $50 for an initial 30-minute consultation with the attorney.
- Do you know what your business tax obligations are?
- NC Department of Revenue (NCDOR) and U.S. Internal Revenue Service (IRS)
- Other Tax Information
- Will you be hiring any employees?
NC Works offers the following free services; Find a Center Near You
- Recruitment Services - Post job openings, find qualified candidates, and access a wide variety of information designed to help a business succeed.
- Education Services - Find a suitable training or educational program, as well as information on training providers and schools.
- Labor Market Services - Access information about labor market trends, statistics, and economic and demographic data.
- What are your additional responsibilities as an employer?
- Do you need the services of a bookkeeper?
Bookkeeping or recordkeeping is a critical component of running your business. If you do not possess
bookkeeping skills, there's likely someone in your community who does. Reaching out to friends and
associates can help you find the person who's right for your business.
- Do you need the help of a CPA?
- Do you want to sell goods or services to federal, state, or local government?
- What additional resources are available if you’re a historically underutilized business (HUB)?
To qualify as a HUB, a business must be at least 51% owned, controlled and managed by one or more citizens or
lawful permanent residents of the United States who are members of one or more of the following groups: (1) Black,
(2) Hispanic, (3) Asian American, (4) American Indian, (5) Female, (6) Disabled and (7) Disadvantaged.
- NC Department of Administration: Historically Underutilized Businesses
- NC Minority Business Development Agency Business Center
- US Small Business Association: Resources for Veteran Business Owners
- US Small Business Association: Resources for Women Business Owners
- Women's Business Center of North Carolina
- Women's Business Center of Charlotte
- Women’s Business Center of Fayetteville
- Women’s Business Center of Greensboro
- Western Women's Business Center (Asheville)
- Women's Business Center of Winston-Salem
- US Department of Veterans Affairs: Get Support for Your Veteran-Owned Small Business
- NC Veteran’s Business Association
- NC IDEA fosters sustainable economic development with competitive grants and programs for entrepreneurs and funding to strengthen the North Carolina entrepreneurial ecosystem. NC IDEA offers grant funding and support on the principles of diversity, equity, and inclusion (DEI).
- Prospera is a non-profit organization specialized in providing in-culture and in-language assistance to Hispanic entrepreneurs trying to establish or expand their business. Prospera serves the entrepreneur community at no cost
- How will you let people in your community know about your business?
- Professional/civic clubs and community organizations typically charge a fee and offer a variety of benefits for members.
- Annual Report (NC Secretary of State) – does not apply to nonprofit corporations
The Office of the NC Secretary of State sends reminders to LLCs before the annual report is due. (If your
email address has changed since you registered your business, please update it when you file your
For other business entities, the annual report due date depends upon the type of business entity your company is, as well as your fiscal year end date. Click here to determine your due date as well as the associated fee: North Carolina Secretary of State Business Registration Annual Report Due Dates
Learn more about how to file your Annual Report online at North Carolina Secretary of State Business Registration File An Annual Report
- State and Federal Business Taxes
The NC Department of Revenue (NCDOR) works with the U.S. Internal Revenue Service (IRS) to provide
information that is relevant to both agencies. The business tax calendar, produced in conjunction with
the IRS, aims to help businesses keep up with important reporting dates for the IRS and NCDOR.
Tax Calendar | NCDOR